[an error occurred while processing this directive]




1 Williamette Iron Bridge Co. v. Hatch, 125 U.S. 1 (1888).

2 33 USC 401, et seq. The Rivers and Harbors Act is discussed later in this chapter.

3 33 USC 1251, et seq. The Clean Water Act is discussed later in this chapter.

4 International Joint Commission, EIGHTH BIENNIAL REPORT ON GREAT LAKES WATER QUALITY, 1 (1996).

5 International Joint Commission, The International Joint Commission: What it is, How it Works (1996).

6 International Joint Commission, The International Joint Commission: What it is, How it Works (1996).

7 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, &445 (1996).

8 See, for example, Zabroski, Cleaning the canal, HAMMOND TIMES (July 14, 1996) which may now be accessed on the Internet at:http://www.thetimesonline.com/archives/times/960714/INDharborside.a.01.htm

9 U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, REPORT ON POLLUTION OF THE WATERS OF THE GRAND CALUMET RIVER, LITTLE CALUMET RIVER, CALUMET RIVER, LAKE MICHIGAN, WOLF LAKE AND THEIR TRIBUTARIES, ILLINOIS-INDIANA (1965).

10 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, WATER RESOURCES AVAILABILITY IN THE LAKE MICHIGAN REGION, INDIANA, 97 (1994).

11 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, WATER RESOURCES AVAILABILITY IN THE LAKE MICHIGAN REGION, INDIANA, 98 (1994).

12 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, WATER RESOURCE AVAILABILITY IN THE LAKE MICHIGAN REGION, INDIANA, 98 (1994).

13 Northwestern Indiana Regional Planning Commission, SUMMARY OF NORTHWESTERN INDIANA 208 WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT PLAN (1978); Holowaty, Reshkin, Mikulka, and Tolpa, Working Toward A Remedial Action Plan for the Grand Calumet River and Indiana Harbor Canal, UNDER RAPS: TOWARD GRASSROOTS ECOLOGIAL DEMOCRACY IN THE GREAT LAKES BASIN, 211-233 (1991).

14 U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Nonpoint Source Pollution: The Nation's Largest Water Quality Problem (March 1996).

15 The definition was tentatively adopted by the Nonpoint Source Task Force on July 12, 1996. The definition of "nonpoint source water pollution" would be cross-referenced to the definition of "pollution" contained in IC 13-11-2-260.

16 U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, MANAGING NONPOINT SOURCE POLLUTION, FINAL REPORT TO CONGRESS ON SECTION 319 OF THE CLEAN WATER ACT (1989), 5 (January 1992).

17 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Nonpoint Source Pollution: The Nation=s Largest Water Quality Problem (March 1996).

18 Jafvert, Ketcham, and Kuncharkarra, URBAN TARGETING OF NONPOINT SOURCE POLLUTION IN THE GRAND CALUMET RIVER WATERSHED (December 15, 1992).

19 Esparza, Hashem, and Lindsey, CONTROLLING URBAN NONPOINT SOURCE POLLUTION IN THE GRAND CALUMET RIVER, INDIANA HARBOR SHIP CANAL, AND NEARSHORE LAKE MICHIGAN AREA OF CONCERN: A PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENTS, p. 49 (July 1993).

20 Personal communication with Adriane Esparza, Indiana Department of Environmental Management (September 1996).

21 State Nonpoint Source Task Force, INDIANA NONPOINT SOURCE WATER POLLUTION MANAGEMENT PROGRAM (June 1989).

22 International Joint Commission, EIGHTH BIENNIAL REPORT ON GREAT LAKES WATER QUALITY, 19 (1996).

23 Indiana Department of Environmental Management, Draft Remedial Action Plan, Stage Two (November 1995).

24 State Nonpoint Source Task Force, INDIANA NONPOINT SOURCE WATER POLLUTION MANAGEMENT PROGRAM, 71 (June 1989).

25 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (1996).

26 A newsrelease by the Indiana Department of Environmental Management, "IDEM and INDOT Team Up for Toll Road Pollution Project" (April 17, 1998).

27 "IDEM and INDOT Team Up for Toll Road Pollution Project," Indiana Department of Environmental Management News Release (April 17, 1998).

28 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, &476 (1996).

29 Blough and Wilder, Wander Indiana (ISDH): A Regulatory Roadmap for Environmental Health, THE LOST EPISODES OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAW, Indiana Continuing Legal Education Forum (1993). Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, &452 (1996).

30 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, &462 (1996).

31 Olyphant and Harper, CHEMISTRY AND MOVEMENT OF SEPTIC-TANK ABSORPTION FIELD EFFLUENT IN THE DUNES AREA, LAKE AND PORTER COUNTIES, INDIANA (October 7, 1995). Correspondence from Edwin Hartke, Head of the Environmental Geology Section, Indiana Geological Survey (November 5, 1995).

32 International Joint Commission, EIGHTH BIENNIAL REPORT ON GREAT LAKES WATER QUALITY, 8 (1996).

33 International Joint Commission, EIGHTH BIENNIAL REPORT ON GREAT LAKES WATER QUALITY, 10 (1996).

34 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, &571(1996).

35 Personal communication with Mark Basch, Department of Natural Resources (January 1996).

36 Additional information can be found at Internet address http://umbc7.umbc.edu/~tbenja1/gallo/sidebar.html

37 Additional information can be found at Internet address http://www.astronomynews.com/af/21apr98/iskwea/

38 EPA/IDEM Northwest Indiana Environmental Action Plan (1992).

39 Zabroski, Cleaning the canal, HAMMOND TIMES (July 14, 1996) which may now be accessed on the Internet at: http://www.thetimesonline.com/archives/times/960714/INDharborside.a.01.htm

40 Grand Calumet Area Partnership, "Glossary of Initiatives" (October 29, 1997).

41 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, WATER RESOURCE AVAILABILITY IN THE LAKE MICHIGAN REGION, INDIANA, &145 (1994).

42 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, 176 (1994).

43 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, 177 (1994).

44 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, 178 (1994).

45 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, 179 (1994).

46 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, 181 (1994).

47 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, &669 (1996).

48 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, WATER RESOURCE AVAILABILITY IN THE LAKE MICHIGAN REGION, INDIANA, 182 (1994).

49 MEMORANDUM OF COOPERATION BETWEEN THE U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, AND THE UNDERSIGNED PRIVATE PARTIES (August 17, 1994).

50 Citizens Advisory for the Remediation of the Environment Committee Meeting Minutes (July 18, 1996).

51 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, &84 and &460(1996).

52 Correspondence from Joyce Martin, Director of the Office of Legal Counsel for the Indiana Department of Environmental Management (May 1, 1995).

53 Illustrative is the "Report of Public Hearing and Other Comments, Agency Comments and Recommendations, and Recommended Findings by the Natural Resources Commission," In the Matter of the Proposed Twin Creeks Conservancy District, Porter Circuit Court, Cause No. 64CO1-99501-CP-13 (September 8, 1995).

54 1998 INDIANA FISH CONSUMPTION ADVISORY, 1 (1998).

55 1998 INDIANA FISH CONSUMPTION ADVISORY, 1 (1998).

56 1998 INDIANA FISH CONSUMPTION ADVISORY, 41 (1998).

57 1998 INDIANA FISH CONSUMPTION ADVISORY, 41 (1998).

58 1998 INDIANA FISH CONSUMPTION ADVISORY, 28 (1998).

59 Skillern, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DESKBOOK '4.05 (2d Ed. 1995).

60 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, &852 (1996).

61 Arbuckle, Gordon, Water Pollution Control, ENVIRONMENTAL LAW HANDBOOK, 186 (1993).

62 33 USC 1251, et seq.

63 Skillern, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DESKBOOK (2d Ed. 1995).

64 Friends of the Earth v. United States Navy, 841 F.2d 927 (9th Cir. 1988).

65 United States Dep't of Energy v. Ohio, ___U.S.___, 112 S. Ct. 1627, 1632 (1992). The Federal Facilities Compliance Act of 1992, Pub. L. No. 102-386, 106 Stat. 1505 overrides the RCRA part of the decision.

66 2 Rogers, Groundwater--Federal Law, ENVIRONMENTAL LAW '4.8(A) (1986).

67 1 LEGIS. HIST. at 589-97 (House Debate).

68 Exxon v. Train, 554 F.2d 1310, 1320, n. 20 (5th Cir. 1977).

69 United States Steel Corp. v. Train, 556 F.2d 822, 852 (7th Cir. 1977).

70 Washington Wilderness Coalition v. Hecla Mining Co., 870 F. Supp. 983 (E.D. Washington 1994).

71 42 USC 300g, et seq.

72 2 Rogers, Groundwater--Federal Law, ENVIRONMENTAL LAW '4.8(B)(2) (1986).

73 42 USC 300h.

74 40 CFR 144.6.

75 Z. Smith, THE ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY PARADOX (1992).

76 IC 13-13-5-1(1). On infrequent occasions relating mostly to municipal or industrial wastewater discharges, IDEM requires a permit for an injection well activity based upon its regulatory jurisdiction over the Awaters@ of Indiana. IC 13-11-2-265.

77 IC 14-37-3-12 and IC 14-11-3-1.

78 Personal communication with Michael Nickolaus, Division of Oil and Gas, Department of Natural Resources (July 1996).

79 33 USC 401, et seq.

80 33 USC 403. See also the Rivers and Harbors Act discussed at page in Lake Michigan and Navigable Tributaries.

81 33 USC 407.

82 Reserve Mining Co. v. Environmental Protection Agency, 514 F.2d 492 (C.A. Minn. 1975).

83 U.S. v. Asbury Park, 340 F. Supp. 555 (D.C. N.J. 1972).

84 U.S. v. Rohm & Haas Co., 353 F. Supp. 933 (D.C. Tex. 1973).

85 33 USC 421.

86 The Michigan Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Species State Management Plan, 16 as set forth on the World Wide Web at the following address: http://www.deq.state.mi.us/ogl/plan.html

87 Indiana statute provides that a person may not keep or operate a boat equipped with a toilet unless the toilet is attached to a holding tank. A person may not dispose of sewage accumulated in a holding tank or another container on a boat except through a sewage disposal facility approved by the Indiana Department of Environmental Management. IC 14-15-2-7.

88 33 CFR 159.

89 40 CFR 140.

90 Proceedings of the Healthy Beaches Initiative may be accessed at http://www.dnr.state.in.us/lakemich/beach.htm/

91 Giacoma and Reeves, Making Sure That What Comes Out of the Ships doesn't Stink: Marine Sanitation Devices In The Great Lakes, may be accessed at http://www.dnr.state.in.us/lakemich/article1/index.htm

92 Minutes of April 28, 1998 Teleconference of the Marine and Other Sources Committee of the Interagency Task Force on E. coli. The minutes may be accessed through http://www.dnr.state.in.us/lakemich/committe.htm/

93 327 IAC 5-1-2 and 327 IAC 5-2-5(a).

94 Reducing the Spread of Non-Indigenous Species, 21, 1995 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE LAKE CARRIERS= ASSOCIATION.

95 58 FED. REG. 18330 (April 8, 1993).

96 M. Eric Reeves, Protection of the Great Lakes from Infection by Exotic Organisms in Ballast Water (1997) may be accessed at http://www.dnr.state.in.us/lakemich/article3/index.htm

97 2A Sturley, BENEDICT ON ADMIRALTY '134 (1990).

98 The Michigan Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Species State Management Plan, 16 as set forth at the following address: http://www.deq.state.mi.us/ogl/plan.html

99 For more information on the Clean Vessel Act program from a federal perspective, see the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Clean Vessel Act Homepage. 100 Title V, subtitle F, '5603(a) and 5608.

101 Title V, subtitle F, '5603(b).

102 CLEAN WATER NOTEBOOK, SeaLand Technologies, Inc. (October 1994).

103 Correspondence from Peggy Dorsey, Indiana Department of Environmental Management (November 1995).

104 International Joint Commission, The International Joint Commission: What it is, How it Works (1996).

105 Id.

106 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, REVISED DRAFT LAKE MICHIGAN LAKEWIDE MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR TOXIC POLLUTANTS, 3 (September 30, 1993).

107 Personal communication with Matt Senseny, Indiana Department of Environmental Management (May 1998).

108 Antidegradation Requirements for Outstanding State Resource Waters Inside the Great Lakes Basin, Water-0002-NPD, Indiana Department of Environmental Management, 21 IND. REG. 3200 (May 1, 1998).

109 Information regarding TMDLs was obtained from a fact sheet prepared by EPA on the TMDL program in April 1998. Additional information was obtained from the EPA TMDL website http://www.epa.gov/owow/tmdl/index.html.

110 "Primacy" is discussed at page in Governmental Coordination and Streamlining.

111 IC 13-18-4-5.

112 33 USC 1251, et seq.

113 42 USC 300f through 300j. One exception, not pertinent to the coastal area, is that the Department of Natural Resources, is the designated agency for Class II injection wells used in association with the production of oil and gas. This statutory delegation is set forth at IC 13-13-5-1(1)

114 IC 13-18-2-1.

115 IC 13-18-3-1.

116 IC 13-18-3-2.

117 IC 13-18-4-1.

118 IC 13-18-4-3.

119 327 IAC 2-1.5-19.

120 327 IAC 3 and 327 IAC 4.

121 327 IAC 5.

122 327 IAC 6.

123 327 IAC 8.

124 327 IAC 15.

125 "Public water supply," for the purposes of environmental management laws of Indiana, means any wells, reservoirs, lakes, rivers, sources of supply, pumps, mains, pipes, facilities, and structures through which water is obtained, treated as required, and provided to the public through a water distribution system that (A) serves at least 25 people per day for drinking, domestic use, or other purposes (including state owned facilities); or, (B) has at least 15 service connections.

126 IC 13-18-16-1.

127 IC 13-18-16-5.

128 327 IAC 8-4.1.

129 IC 14-32-1-1(1) through (4).

130 IC 14-32-2-12(8) also specifies that the board is to coordinate the erosion and sediment part of 33 USC 1288.

131 IC 14-32-5-1.

132 IC 14-32-2-12(9).

133 327 IAC 15-5.

134 327 IAC 15-5-1.

135 327 IAC 15-5-2.

136 327 IAC 15-5-7.

137 IC 13-18-10.

138 IC 15-3-3.5-10.

139 IC 6-1.1-6.

140 312 IAC 15.

141 IC 14-15-2-7.

142 310 IAC 21-2-7.6 and 310 IAC 21-4-3.

143. 40 CFR 122.23(a) Frary and Pratt, Environmental Regulation of Livestock Production Operations, NATURAL RESOURCES & ENVIRONMENT, 8 (Winter 1995).

144 IC 13-11-2-40.

145 Indiana Department of Environmental Management, THE IDEM MULTI-MEDIA RESOURCE MANUAL (1994).

146 Gammon, AN ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF THE STREAMS OF PUTNAM COUNTY, INDIANA AND VICINITY WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON THE EFFECTS OF ANIMAL FEEDLOTS, Department of Biological Sciences, DePauw University (November 1995).

147 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, &440 and &838 (1996).

148 410 IAC 6-8.1.

149 410 IAC 6-8.1-17.

150 410 IAC 6-8.1-49.

151 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, &454 (1996).

152 410 IAC 6-8.1.

153 410 IAC 6-10-2.

154 410 IAC 6-10-5.

155 410 IAC 6-10-12.

156 Correspondence from Gregory K. Steele, State Epidemiologist, Indiana State Department of Health (January 10, 1996).

157 IC 14-32.

158 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, &96 (1996).

159 33 USC 1329 and 33 USC 1324. IC 13-1-4-2.

160 See 33 USC 1324.

161 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, &96 (1996).

162 US Environmental Protection Agency, MANAGING NONPOINT SOURCE POLLUTION, FINAL REPORT TO CONGRESS ON SECTION 319 OF THE CLEAN WATER ACT, 82 (1989).

163 IC 14-32-12(b)(7).

164 Information on the EQIP was found at two Internet sites: http://in.nrcs.usda.gov/EQIP/eqipwhat.html and http://etcs.ext.missour...ebb/udsa/nrcs/bullet6.i.

165 For more information, see http://www.ai.org/idem/owm/srf/srfrates.html.

166 Information found at http://www.ai.org/idem/owm/srf/srfrates.html.

167 Memorandum from Sharen Jarzen, Indiana Department of Environmental Management (May 1996).

168 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, &433 (1996).

169 IC 14-33-1-1.

170 Proposal to the National Park Foundation from the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore in partnership with the Indiana Dunes Environmental Education Consortium (1997).

171 University of Connecticut, Cooperative Extension Service, Nonpoint Education for Municipal Officials (NEMO) Project Brief (November 1997). The brief explains NEMO is an "effort by the University of Connecticut Cooperative Extension System, funded by the Water Quality Initiative of the USDA cooperative State Research, Education and Extension and involving a partnership with the Connecticut Sea Grant Program. NEMO is fast becoming a national model for the use of technology-assisted education in confronting the difficult problem of nonpoint source pollution, or polluted runoff, associated with the suburban/urban sprawl pattern of growth prevalent across the nation. NEMO uses geographic information system, remote sensing, and World Wide Web technology to educate community decision makers and landowners about the relationship of their land use decisions to water resource protection and watershed management."

172 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, &110 (1996).

173 Goettel, Water Quality Education, THE HELM (Spring 1996).

174 Lewis, DIRECTORY OF GREAT LAKES EDUCATION MATERIAL (1994).

175 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, 107 and 110 (1996).

176 Lake Michigan Coastal Coordination Program, "Indiana Shorelines for Coastal Coordination," Spring 1998.

177 CLEAN WATER ACTION PLAN: RESTORING AND PROTECTING AMERICA'S WATERS, i (February 1998).

178 Gruszecki, Landmark settlement spurs Grand Calumet River cleanup, HAMMOND TIMES, (Sept. 18, 1996).

179 Grand Calumet Area Partnership, "Glossary of Initiatives" (October 29, 1997).

180 Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, &483 (1996).

181 Hill and Mannering, Conservation Tillage and Water Quality, Cooperative Extension Service of Purdue University (Jan. 1995). This publication and others for conservation tillage are accessible at http://persephone.agcom.purdue.edu/~agcom/Pubs/agronomy.htm

182 Blackmore, Precision Farming; An Introduction, School of Agriculture Food and Environment of Cranfield University. See, also, the John Deere Precision Farming Homepage at: http://www.deere.com/greenstar/

183 Dairy Manure Management Planning (ID-208) can be accessed at http://www.agcom.purdue.edu/AgCom/Pubs/ID/ID-208.html/

184 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, STATE AND LOCAL FUNDING OF NONPOINT SOURCE CONTROL PROGRAMS, 4 (September 1992).

185 Esparza, Hashem, and Lindsey, CONTROLLING URBAN NONPOINT SOURCE POLLUTION IN THE GRAND CALUMET RIVER, INDIANA HARBOR SHIP CANAL, AND NEARSHORE LAKE MICHIGAN AREA OF CONCERN: A PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT, 36 (July 1993).

186 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, STATE AND LOCAL FUNDING OF NONPOINT SOURCE CONTROL PROGRAMS, 7 (September 1992).

187 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, STATE AND LOCAL FUNDING OF NONPOINT SOURCE CONTROL PROGRAM, 9 (September 1992).

188 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, STATE AND LOCAL FUNDING OF NONPOINT SOURCE CONTROL PROGRAMS, 42 (September 1992).

189 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, STATE AND LOCAL FUNDING OF NONPOINT SOURCE CONTROL PROGRAMS, 43 (September 1992).

190 IC 14-33-1.

191 IC 14-33-7-1.

192 IC 14-33-7-5.


[an error occurred while processing this directive]