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  1. Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NATURAL RESOURCES INVENTORY, H-1 (September 1976). The report identifies the Calumet Lacustrine Plain as the "heavily populated and industrialized northern part of Lake and Porter Counties. . .an area of generally low relief that occupies the bed of glacial Lake Chicago." The Valparaiso Morainal Area is described in the report as "a complex system of rolling hills extending in an arc, approximately paralleling the southern shore of Lake Michigan, from northeastern Illinois, through northwestern Indiana, and into southwest Michigan."

  2. Reshkin and Daniel, Physical Forces Which Have Shaped the Dunes, THE INDIANA DUNES STORY: HOW NATURE AND PEOPLE MADE A PARK, 7 (1984).

  3. Pitcher, Biological Forces Which Have Shaped the Dunes, THE INDIANA DUNES STORY: HOW NATURE AND PEOPLE MADE A PARK, 10 (1984).

  4. Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NATURAL RESOURCES INVENTORY, H-1, H-2 (September 1976).

  5. Pitcher, 11 (1984).

  6. Pitcher, 11 (1984).

  7. Moore, THE CALUMET REGION: INDIANA'S LAST FRONTIER, 83 (1959).

  8. Moore, 11-12 (1959).

  9. Moore, 193 (1959).

  10. Moore, 235 (1959). Moore explains that the Indiana General Assembly passed the "made-land" law, which permitted industries to fill in Lake Michigan out to the limits of the state=s jurisdiction. "Federal control over the Lake began at the depth of twenty-two feet, at which point the water was considered navigable. As the Lake was filled in, industries could obtain a deed from the state for the land thus made for $25.00 an acre. The companies were required to pay $100.00 a year taxes for each acre acquired."

  11. Moore, 101 (1959).

  12. Moore, 13 (1959).

  13. J.Sullivan, A Descriptive History of Land Use, THE INDIANA DUNES STORY: HOW NATURE AND PEOPLE MADE A PARK, 20 (1984).

  14. Holowaty, Reshkin, Mikulka, and Tolpa, Working Toward a Remedial Action Plan for the Grand Calumet River and Indiana Harbor Ship Canal, UNDER RAPS: TOWARD GRASSROOTS ECOLOGICAL DEMOCRACY IN THE GREAT LAKES BASIN, 216 (1991).

  15. Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Fish and Wildlife, DRAFT LAKE MICHIGAN STRATEGIC PLAN, 1 (1996).

  16. Rosenberg, Alewife die-off ending, MICHIGAN CITY NEWS-DISPATCH, 1 (July 11, 1996).

  17. Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NATURAL RESOURCES INVENTORY, G-1(1976).

  18. IC 14-31-1-2.

  19. Environmental Law Institute, INDIANA'S BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY: STRATEGIES AND TOOLS FOR CONSERVATION, 5 (1995).

  20. Hedge, Heritage Data Center Tracks Biological Diversity, OUTDOOR INDIANA (May-June (1995).

  21. Environmental Law Institute, 1 (1995).

  22. The Nature Conservancy, THE CONSERVATION OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IN THE GREAT LAKES ECOSYSTEM: ISSUES AND OPPORTUNITIES, 3-4 (January 1994).

  23. The Nature Conservancy, THE CONSERVATION OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IN THE GREAT LAKES ECOSYSTEM: ISSUES AND OPPORTUNITIES (January 1994). This report can also be found at Internet address http://epaserver.ciesin.org/glreis/glnpo/docs/bio/divrpt.html

  24. MATTERS OF RESOURCES, RECREATION, AND THE ARTS, Sunset Audit, Indiana Legislative Services Agency (May 1989).

  25. Environmental Law Institute, 7 (1995).

  26. Pub. Law 89-761.

  27. Correspondence with Edwin Hartke, Head of Environmental Geology Section, Indiana Geological Survey (November 6, 1995). Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, & 101 (1996).

  28. U.S. Department of Interior, National Park Service, National Natural Landmarks (1987).

  29. 16 USC 1531-1544.

  30. Statement of Mollie Beattie, Director of US Fish and Wildlife Service, Before the US House Committee on Resources (April 17, 1996).

  31. 42 USC 9601, et seq.

  32. 33 USC 1251, et seq.

  33. 33 USC 2701, et seq.

  34. Personal communication with Mary Ann Habeeb, Legal Counsel for the Department of Natural Resources (November 1995).

  35. See discussion of the Grand Calumet River Restoration Fund within ARecent Efforts@ in the Water Quality chapter.

  36. Natural Resource Trustees Consider Assessment Plan for Indiana=s Grand Calumet River Watershed, SHORELINES, 2 (Winter 1997). The proposed assessment plan is available at http://www.state.in.us/dnr/fishwild/asesment/plan.htm

  37. An executive summary of the Gap Analysis by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (1994).

  38. For more information, see http://www.gap.uidaho.edu/GAP/Bulletins/6/SR_IN.htm. The Indiana contact for the GAP Analysis Project is Forest Clark at the US Fish and Wildlife Service. He can be reached at e-mail address forest_clark@mail.fws.gov or 812-334-4261 ext. 206.]

  39. For additional information on GAP Analysis see Internet site http://www.gap.uidaho.edu/GAP/

  40. IC 36-7-4-702.

  41. IC 36-7-4-201.

  42. Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, & 292 (1996).

  43. Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUP REPORTS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, & 294 (1996). The cite references personal communication with Steve Cecil of the Indiana Department of Transportation (January 1996).

  44. IC 6-1.1-6.5-8 and IC 6-1.1-6.5-10.

  45. Environmental Law Institute, INDIANA'S BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY: STRATEGIES AND TOOLS FOR CONSERVATION, 74 (1995).

  46. Cottman, INDIANA DUNES STATE PARK: A HISTORY AND DESCRIPTION (1930).

  47. IC 14-31-1-14(8).

  48. Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, & 749 (1996).

  49. Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, & 770 (1996).

  50. IC 6-1.1-6.

  51. IC 6-1.1-6-14 and IC 6-1.1-6-19.

  52. IC 6-1.1-6-2 and IC 6-1.1-6-3.

  53. IC 14-22-34-12.

  54. IC 14-22-34-6.

  55. IC 14-22-34-17. The rules are set forth at 310 IAC 3.1

  56. 15 IND. REG. 1312-1327 (April 1, 1992).

  57. IC 14-22-34-14(a).

  58. DNR News Release (December 8, 1997).

  59. The proposed permanent rules were published in the INDIANA REGISTER on April 1, 1998 and would be codified at 312 IAC 9-5-1, 312 IAC 9-5-3.3, 312 IAC 9-5-3.5, and 312 IAC 9-5-3.7. See 21 IND. REG. 2462 (Ap. 1, 1998).

  60. IC 32-5-2.6-1.

  61. 16 INDIANA REGISTER 1677-1680 (March 1, 1993). The Outstanding Rivers List for Indiana is available on the Internet at http://www.state.in.us/nrc/outstand.htm

  62. IC 14-12-2.

  63. IC 14-31-2-13.

  64. IC 14-31-2-14.

  65. The Save the Dunes Council homepage is located at: http://savedunes.org/

  66. Memorandum circulated by the Grand Cal Task Force during a meeting to review the Grand Calumet River Partnership/Corridor Planning and held on April 18, 1996 at the Gary Sanitary District.

  67. For more information regarding The Nature Conservancy, as well as The Nature Conservancy of Indiana, see http://www.tnc.org/

  68. Environmental Law Institute, INDIANA=S BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY: STRATEGIES AND TOOLS FOR CONSERVATION, 74 (1995).

  69. RAP Sub-Committee Summary, Indiana Department of Environmental Management (April 4, 1995).

  70. Protecting Natural Land in Indiana's LaPorte County, SLMCI NEWS (Spring 1996) and Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, & 327 (1996).

  71. Personal communication with Dennis Richardson (February 26, 1998).

  72. Protecting Natural Land in Indiana's LaPorte County, SLMCI NEWS (Spring 1996).

  73. Lost Marsh, SLMCI NEWS, 6 (June-August 1995). Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, & 396 (1996).

  74. Biberdorf, Northern Indiana SWCDs: Are You Aware of NIPSCO's Small Grants Program?, TOPSOIL, 2 (July 1996).

  75. The Michigan Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Species State Management Plan, 2 as set forth on the World Wide Web at the following address: http://www.deq.state.mi.us/ogl/plan.html

  76. Pub. L. 101-646 codified at 18 USC 4701, et seq.

  77. 58 FED. REG. 18330 (Ap. 8, 1993).

  78. The "Exclusive Economic Zone" or "EEZ" is an area extending from the baseline of the territorial sea of the United States seaward 200 miles.

  79. 33 CFR 151.1510.

  80. IC 14-22-25.

  81. 310 IAC 3.1-10-16.

  82. 310 IAC 3.1-10-18.

  83. 310 IAC 3.1-11.

  84. IC 14-8-2-203.

  85. 310 IAC 8.1-3-3.

  86. IC 15-3-4-1.

  87. IC 15-3-4-2.

  88. IC 15-3-4-8.

  89. IC 15-3-4.6.

  90. IC 36-7-10.1.

  91. For more information concerning the Lake Carriers' Association, see http://www.lcaships.com/

  92. Managing Ballast Water to Stop the Introduction of Non-Indigenous Species, 1996 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE LAKE CARRIERS' ASSOCIATION, 19 (1997).

  93. Proposal to the National Park Foundation from the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore in partnership with the Indiana Dunes Environmental Education Consortium (1997).

  94. Additional information regarding the Great Lakes Science Center may be accessed at the following address on the World Wide Web: http://www.nbs.gov/glsc

  95. Personal communication with Ronald Hoyt, Purdue Cooperative Extension Services, Crown Point (December 1995). See also Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Northwest Indiana Public Work Groups: 865 Annotations by the Indiana Department of Natural Resources, &389para; (1996).

  96. Personal communication with James Jordon, Purdue Cooperative Extension Services, Valparaiso (January 1996).

  97. Illinois Indiana Sea Grant Program, Unpack Your Trunk-Zebra Mussel Mania has Arrived, THE HELM, 2 (Spring 1996).

  98. Thrickey, Associated Press, Great Lakes governors offer grant in fight against pests, SOUTH BEND TRIBUNE, B5 (July 24, 1996). Indiana does not contribute to the Great Lakes Protection Fund.

  99. Cangelosi, Battling Biological Pollution, SEAWAY REVIEW (1997).

  100. Proposed 312 IAC 9-10-20(a). This section was published as a proposed rule at 21 IND. REG. 1395 (January 1, 1998).

  101. Proposed 312 IAC 9-10-20(c).

  102. Jansen, Beware the Gypsy Moth!, OUTDOOR INDIANA, 40, May/June 1992.

  103. McCullough, In Michigan, Gypsy Moth Management Means Education, JOURNAL OF FORESTRY (November 1994).

  104. Prescott, Gypsy moth invasion, SOUTH BEND TRIBUNE, A1, A2 (June 1, 1996).

  105. Jansen, Beware the Gypsy Moth!, cited previously.

  106. Prescott, Gypsy moth invasion, cited previously.

  107. Jansen, Beware the Gypsy Moth!, cited previously.

  108. Public Hearings Held on Gypsy Moth Quarantine Proposal, SHORELINES, 3 (Spring 1998).

  109. 312 IAC 18-3-14 is scheduled for publication in the June 1, 1998 INDIANA REGISTER. The rule section does not initially establish any county quarantine but sets the structure for subsequent designations.

  110. See, for example, Prescott, Gypsy moth invasion, cited previously.

  111. See, for example, State to combat gypsy moths, GOSHEN NEWS (April 22, 1996).

  112. McCullough, In Michigan, Gypsy Moth Management Means Education, cited previously.

  113. Tyson, Rare fungus destroying gypsy moths, USA TODAY (August 20, 1996).

  114. Prescott, Gypsy moth invasion, cited previously. Additional information regarding the management and control of gypsy moths can be obtained from the Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology of the Department of Natural Resources at (317) 232-4120.

  115. IC 14-24-12. Formerly IC 15-3-5.5-2.

  116. 312 IAC 18-3-13(e).

  117. Nongame Bird Activities in Northwest Indiana, Department of Natural Resources Memorandum (October 1995).

  118. Falda, Peregrine falcon population soars, SOUTH BEND TRIBUNE, B2 (July 24, 1996).

  119. Help Plant Lupine and Increase the Survival of Rare Insects, SLMCI NEWS (Spring 1996).

  120. IPALCO Announces 1995 Environmental Grant Recipients, cited previously from the World Wide Web, and New Native Plant Nursery for Lake County, SLMCI NEWS, 3 (Winter 95-96).

  121. The Michigan Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Species State Management Plan is set forth on the World Wide Web at the following address: http://www.deq.state.mi.us/ogl/plan.html See also Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, ¶ 109 (1996).


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