LLOYD JOHNSON, ) Supreme Court appellant, ) cause no. 47S04-0110-PC-478 v. ) ) Court of Appeals STATE OF INDIANA, ) cause no. 47A04-0103-PC-112 appellee. ) ) Trial Court ) cause no. 47D01-9708-DF-553
On June 27, the State of Indiana, by its Attorney General, filed a
Motion For Order Directing Defendant To File Conforming Appendix And Permission To File
A Late Brief Of Appellee Due To Non-Service. In the motion, the
State advised the Court of Appeals that it had not been served with
the appellants brief. Noting also Johnsons failure to file an Appendix, the
State requested that the Court of Appeals enter an order that would direct
Johnson to file an Appendix and grant the State additional time to file
the brief of the appellee. Alternatively, the State asked that the appeal
be dismissed for failure to file an Appendix.
The Court of Appeals opted for the latter remedy. Johnson v. State, Cause No. 47A01-0103-PC-112 (Memo. Dec. Ind. Ct. App. July 23, 2001). In dismissing the appeal, the Court of Appeals stated, Because Johnson has failed to comply with the appellate rules and file an Appendix with his brief, his appeal is dismissed. Memo. Dec. at 3. On motion from the State, the Court of Appeals decided to publish the opinion, now reported as Johnson v. State, ___ N.E.2d ___, 2001 WL 1047404 (Ind. Ct. App. 2001). Rehearing was denied by the Court of Appeals. Johnson then petitioned to transfer jurisdiction to this Court pursuant to Appellate Rules 56(B) and 57.
At this point we pause to note that an order denying a motion to compel an attorney to produce documents, unless entered as a written judgment expressly determining that there is no just cause for delay in accordance with Trial Rule 54(B), is not a final judgment. See App. R 2(H). Neither is it an interlocutory order appealable as a matter of right. See App. R. 14(A). Therefore, appellate jurisdiction is in doubt. But see McKim v. State, 528 N.E.2d 484 (Ind. Ct. App. 1988) (assuming without deciding that denial of a motion to compel an attorney to produce documents brought pursuant to statute is immediately appealable). We elect not to address that question at this time, however, and focus instead on a specific point of appellate procedure that has arisen under the substantially revised rules that went into effect January 1, 2001.
The opinion of the Court of Appeals suggests that the failure to file an Appendix is always fatal to an appeal. Appellate Rule 49(A) does state, The appellant shall file its Appendix with its appellants brief. (Emphasis added) Further, Appellate Rule 50(B)(1) states, The appellants Appendix in a criminal appeal shall contain [documents listed]. Nevertheless, the failure to file an Appendix is not necessarily automatic cause for dismissal. In this instance, the State moved to compel Johnson to file a conforming Appendix. The Court of Appeals could have granted that motion and required compliance with the order within a specific time period. See App. R. 27 (Any provision of these Rules regarding preparation of the Record on Appeal may be enforced by order of the Court on Appeal.)
We find that requiring compliance with the rules in criminal appeals, rather than
dismissing the appeal, is further supported by Appellate Rule 49(B), which provides, Any
partys failure to include any item in an Appendix shall not waive any
issue or argument. Because the Appendix is part of the physical Record
on Appeal presented to the appellate court, this new rule represents a departure
from some of the prior case law, and signals a preference for an
ameliorative approach toward failures by the parties to provide a complete record.
See, e.g., Lee v. State, 694 N.E.2d 719, 721, n. 6 (Ind. 1998)
([I]t is defendants duty to present this Court with an adequate record on
appeal and when defendant fails to do so, the issue is deemed waived.
See Stallings v. State, 508 N.E.2d 550, 552 (Ind. 1987); Jackson
v. State, 496 N.E.2d 32, 33 (Ind. 1986).). We note further that
the rules also provide opportunities for the appellee to file an Appendix containing
materials not found in the appellants Appendix, and for the filing of supplemental
appendices. See App. R. 50(A)(3), 50(B)(2), 50(D).
The better practice for an appellate court to follow in criminal appeals where an Appendix is not filed or where an Appendix is missing documents required by rule is to order compliance with the rules within a reasonable period of time, such as thirty days. If an appellant inexcusably fails to comply with an appellate court order, then more stringent measures, including dismissal of the appeal, would be available as the needs of justice might dictate.
We grant transfer of jurisdiction and pursuant to Appellate Rule 58(A), vacate the Court of Appeals opinion and remand the appeal to the Court of Appeals for further proceedings consistent with this order.
The Clerk is directed to send a copy of this order to Lloyd Johnson, to all counsel of record, to the Hon. Raymond L. Kern, to Hon. John T. Sharpnack, Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals; to Steve Lancaster, Court of Appeals Administrator; to Janet Roberts Blue, Commissioner of the Court of Appeals; to the Attorney General of Indiana, to the Indiana Public Defender, to West Group for publication among the reported decisions of this Court, and to LexisNexis.
Done at Indianapolis, Indiana this 22nd day of October, 2001.
/s Randall T. Shepard Chief Justice of Indiana
All Justices concur.