ATTORNEY FOR APPELLANT ATTORNEYS FOR APPELLEE
Timothy J. Miller Karen M. Freeman-Wilson
Indianapolis, Indiana Attorney General of Indiana
Arthur Thaddeus Perry
Deputy Attorney General
INDIANA SUPREME COURT
TRAVIS SISK, )
v. ) 49S00-9908-CR-424
STATE OF INDIANA, )
APPEAL FROM THE MARION SUPERIOR COURT
The Honorable Gary L. Miller, Judge
Cause No. 49G05-9710-CF-159801
On Direct Appeal
October 5, 2000
Travis Sisk was found guilty of the June 23, 1999, murder of Conceto
Davis, and sentenced to 60 years. The defendant asserts three claims on
appeal: (1) erroneous admission of dying declarations; (2) erroneous admission of defendant's
prior drug use; and (3) insufficient evidence. We affirm.
The defendant contends that the trial court erred in admitting statements of the
victim to police after he had been shot. At trial, the defendant
objected, asserting that the question called for inadmissible hearsay. Ind. Evidence Rule
802. The trial court overruled the objection, citing the dying declaration exception
to the hearsay rules. Evid. R. 804 (b)(2). On appeal, the
defendant argues that the State did not lay an adequate foundation to show
that the victim believed his death was imminent. He did not present
this contention to the trial court. We need not determine whether the
defendant's objection at trial was sufficient to preserve the issue for appeal, however,
because we find that the substance of the officer's testimony regarding the victim's
statement was separately received in evidence from two other witnesses without objection.
The erroneous admission of evidence does not require reversal when evidence of the
same probative value is admitted without objection. Davidson v. State, 558 N.E.2d
1077, 1089 (Ind. 1990). Patricia Vasquez, a neighbor of the victim, testified
that just after he was shot, the victim told her that "Travis" shot
him. Record at 287. The defendant did not object to this
testimony. The victim's wife, Theresa Davis, testified that her husband told her
that "Travis and them did it." Record at 303-04. The defendant
did not object to this testimony. We decline to reverse on this
The defendant next contends that the trial court erred in admitting the neighbor's
testimony regarding a robbery in which money and drugs were taken from the
defendant two nights before the murder. Claiming that this evidence was admitted
over his objection, the defendant cites page 269 of the Record, which is
a transcript of a hearing in advance of opening statements. Brief
of Appellant at 3. The defendant did not object when the testimony
was presented at trial. Record at 280-82. This Court has
consistently held that a party may not assert on appeal a claim of
trial court error in the overruling of a motion in limine seeking the
exclusion of evidence unless the party objected to the evidence at the time
the evidence was offered. Clausen v. State, 622 N.E.2d 925, 927 (Ind.
1993). The defendant's claim therefore does not warrant appellate review.
The defendant contends that his conviction for murder is not supported by sufficient
evidence. The defendant argues inconsistencies in witness testimony, the fact that the
police did not find the murder weapon, the inconclusive nature of the gunshot
residue test, and the assertion that "in that neighborhood there are many reasons
to elude the police without having committed murder." Brief of Appellant at
In reviewing a claim of insufficient evidence, we will affirm the conviction unless,
considering only the evidence and reasonable inferences favorable to the judgment, and neither
reweighing the evidence nor assessing the credibility of the witnesses, we conclude that
no reasonable fact-finder could find the elements of the crime proven beyond a
reasonable doubt. Jenkins v. State, 726 N.E.2d 268, 270 (Ind. 2000).
A murder conviction may be based on wholly circumstantial evidence. Ogle v.
State, 698 N.E.2d 1146, 1150 (Ind. 1998).
The evidence favorable to the judgment established that the victim was fatally shot
in the vicinity of the apartment where he resided with his family.
The defendant had been seen in the victim's apartment building a short time
before the shooting. Approximately two days earlier, the defendant had been robbed
and believed that the victim was involved. As the victim lay bleeding
on the sidewalk awaiting the paramedics, he named the defendant as the person
who shot him. The defendant attempted to flee from the police.
We find that the evidence was sufficient for a reasonable jury to have
found the defendant guilty of murder beyond a reasonable doubt. The trial
court is affirmed.
SHEPARD, C.J., and SULLIVAN, BOEHM, and RUCKER, JJ., concur.