Learn about Indiana's Court System
This guide to understanding the structure and processes of Indiana Courts is made available by the Indiana Supreme Court's Courts in the Classroom project.
- Establishment and structure of Indiana Courts
- What is the difference between a trial court and an appellate court?
- What is an Appeal?
- Precedent and the Doctrine of Stare Decisis
- Types of Courts
- Circuit Courts
- Superior Courts
- City/Town Courts
- Types of Cases
- Civil Cases
- Criminal Cases
- Which Courts Handle Which Cases?
- Court Process
- How a civil case moves through the court system
- How a criminal case moves through the court system
- The Players in the Courtroom
- Alternatives to Court
- Indiana Supreme Court
- Choosing a Supreme Court Justice
- Choosing a Chief Justice
- What Types of Cases Does the Indiana Supreme Court Hear?
- When is the Court in Session?
- What do Indiana Supreme Court Justices Do?
- Jobs of the Indiana Supreme Court
- Indiana Court of Appeals
- What is the Job of the Indiana Court of Appeals?
- How Many Judges Sit on the Indiana Court of Appeals?
- Indiana Tax Court
- Today's Indiana Tax Court
- Who Sits on the Indiana Tax Court?
- Appealing a Case to the Indiana Tax Court
- How a Case Moves from the Trial Court to the Appellate Court
- Starting an Appeal
- Filing an appeal with the Clerk of the Courts
- How do you begin the appeal process?
- Oral Arguments
- Watching an Oral Argument
- The Court's Decision
- Filing an Appeal with the Indiana Supreme Court
- Filing an Appeal with the Indiana Court of Appeals
- Filing an Appeal with the Indiana Tax Court
- Frequently Asked Questions About Appellate Court Decisions
- Indiana's Judicial Retention System
- Additional Resources