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Indiana Department of Correction

IDOC > Evidence-Based Practice > Information Clearinghouse > Indiana Community Corrections > Rehabilitation programs > Family-Focused Programming Family-Focused Programming

Family-Focused Programs

Family-focused programs in community corrections are based on the recognition that families provide an informal agent of control that are more powerful than formal agents of control (probation, parole, law enforcement) for offenders under supervision in the community. In general, family-focused programs are a way to intervene with youths, as well as parents/guardians, targeting issues such as delinquency, violence, substance use/abuse, truancy, communication, and family functioning. Below are searchable databases of evidence-based interventions, including family-focused programs.

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Brief Strategic Family Therapy (BSFT)

Brief Strategic Family Therapy (BSFT) is a family-based intervention designed to prevent and target youth behavior problems. BSFT intervenes with children and adolescents who are at-risk, or who are displaying behavior problems, including substance use and delinquency. Further, it is based on the fundamental assumption that adaptive family interactions can play a crucial role in protecting children from negative influences and that maladaptive family interactions can contribute to the evolution of behavior problems (OJJDP, Model Program Guide).

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CASASTART

CASASTART (National Center on Addiction and Substance Use-Striving Together to Achieve Rewarding Tomorrows) was founded by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) in order to target at-risk youths in dealing with substance abuse, delinquency, and academics. CASASTART incorporates many resources, including families, schools, community services, and law enforcement.

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The Families in Action (FIA)

The Families in Action (FIA) program is a family-based substance abuse prevention program that targets families with children entering middle (or junior high) school. he program includes modules on parent–child communication, positive behavior management, interpersonal relationships for adolescents, and the factors that promote school success. Based on the risk and protective factor model, each of these components is designed to increase the attachment between a youth and his or her family, school, and peers.

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Family Effectiveness Training (FET)

Family Effectiveness Training (FET) is a family-based program for Hispanics that targets family factors known to place children at risk. FET helps Hispanic immigrant families with children ages 6 to 12, particularly when the child is exhibiting behavior problems, associating with deviant peers, or experiencing parent–child communication problems. The goal of FET is to strengthen families by increasing their ability to adapt to new situations, particularly developmental and cultural challenges the family will face. The program consists of three components: Family Development, Bicultural Effectiveness Training, and Brief Strategic Family Therapy.

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The Family Solutions Program (FSP)

The Family Solutions Program (FSP) is a family therapy program that utilizes  a multiple-family group intervention (MFGI) format. The format is similar to an inPidual or family intervention in that it targets specific risk factors for change, however the MFGI format has an additional dimension in that the inclusion of multiple families in a group setting uses the full range of family experiences.

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Family Support Approach

Family Support Approach recognizes that families and communities can act as strengths, and can serve as a source of support to the inPidual during the supervision process. According to Mullins & Toner, Families provide continuous supervision for the offender and can react more quickly to positive and negative offender behavior in the community. The Family Support Approach for Community Supervision is based on the Bodega Model. This model offers a specific family support approach to community corrections and family justice and is based on of three core premises including consider people in context, build on family interactions, focus on strengths of inPiduals, families, and communities.

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Functional Family Therapy (FFT)

Functional Family Therapy (FFT) is a family-focused evidence-based intervention program for at-risk youth ages 11-18 years old, that has proven to be effective in reducing reciPism among juvenile offenders. FFT Problems typically include acting out, conduct disorder, substance abuse, and violence.  FFT can be provided in a variety of contexts such as homes, schools, child welfare agencies, probation departments, and mental health settings.  Families typically receive an average of 12 sessions over the course of 3 to 6 months.  The Surgeon General, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence, and the National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice have recognized FFT as a model program that has significant and sustainable effects on juvenile delinquency.  FFT has also been internationally recognized for reducing reciPism and for helping families develop protective factors.

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HOMEBUILDERS

HOMEBUILDERS is an intensive, in-home family preservation and reunification program for families with children (birth to 18) returning from or at risk of placement into foster care, group or residential treatment, psychiatric hospitals, or juvenile justice facilities. The HOMEBUILDERS Model is designed to eliminate barriers to service, while using research-based interventions to improve parental skills, parental capabilities, family interactions, children’s behavior, and family safety.

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Multidimensional Family Therapy (MDFT)

Multidimensional Family Therapy (MDFT) is a family-based treatment and substance-abuse prevention program developed for adolescents with drug and behavior problems. The multidimensional perspective suggests that symptom reduction and enhancement of prosocial and appropriate developmental functions occur by facilitating adaptive developmental events and processes in several domains of functioning. The treatment seeks to significantly reduce or eliminate an adolescent’s substance abuse and other problem behavior and to improve overall family functioning through multiple components, assessments, and interventions in several core areas of life.

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Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care (MTFC)

Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care (MTFC) is a behavioral treatment alternative to residential placement for adolescents who have problems with chronic antisocial behavior, emotional disturbance, and delinquency. It is based on the Social Learning Theory model that describes the mechanisms by which inPiduals learn to behave in social contexts and the daily interactions that influence both prosocial and antisocial patterns of behavior.

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Multisystemic Therapy (MST)

Multisystemic Therapy (MST) is a family focus evidence-based intervention program for youth antisocial behaviors.  MST subscribes to the view that behaviors are embedded in multidimensional contexts and that problems are determined by multiple social-ecological factors in the inPidual, family, peer group, school, and community.  MST interventions aim to reduce the prevalence of antisocial behavior and other clinical problems, to improve functioning, and to provide cost-effective treatment of offenders with mental health issues.  The Surgeon General, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence, and the National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice have recognized MST as a model program that has significant and sustainable effects on juvenile delinquency.

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The Nurturing Parenting Program

The Nurturing Parenting Program is a family-centered initiative designed to build nurturing skills as alternatives to abusive parenting and child-rearing attitudes and practices. Its long-term goals are to decrease the rate of reciPism in families receiving social services, lower the rate of multiparent teenage pregnancies, reduce the rate of juvenile delinquency and alcohol abuse, and stop the intergenerational cycle of child abuse by teaching positive parenting behaviors.

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Parenting with Love and Limits® (PLL)

Parenting with Love and Limits® (PLL) integrates group and family therapy into one system of care for adolescent populations with the primary diagnosis of oppositional defiant or conduct disorder. Parents and teens learn specific skills in group therapy and then meet in inPidual family therapy to role-play and practice these new skills. This integration of group and family therapy enables parents to transfer these new skills to real-life situations and prevent relapse.

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The Philadelphia Youth Violence Reduction Partnership (YVRP)

The Philadelphia Youth Violence Reduction Partnership (YVRP) is a multi-agency effort involving various youth-serving organizations and criminal justice agencies partnering to reduce Philadelphia’s homicide rate and put violent youthful offenders on the path toward a productive majority. Almost all YVRP participants are under court supervision, having contact with a probation or parole officer, and most have been convicted or adjudicated on a violent or drug-related charge at least once.

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Say It Straight (SIS)

Say It Straight (SIS) is a communication skills program developed to prevent destructive behaviors and promote wellness in young people, parents, and other adults. The program targets destructive behaviors such as violence, risky sexual behaviors, and use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. Promotion of wellness concentrates on increasing self-awareness, personal and social responsibility, good communication skills, positive self-esteem, and positive relationships.

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The SNAP™ Under 12 Outreach Project (ORP)

The SNAP™ Under 12 Outreach Project (ORP) of the Child Development Institute (formerly the Earlscourt Child and Family Centre) was developed as an intervention for child delinquents. The program uses a variety of established interventions that are organized around SNAP™ (Stop Now And Plan): skills training, training in cognitive problem solving, self-control strategies, cognitive self-instruction, family management skills training, and parent training.

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Strengthening the Bonds of Chicano Youth and Families

Strengthening the Bonds of Chicano Youth and Families (El Proyecto de Nuestra Juventud) is a comprehensive, multilevel, community-based, and culturally appropriate program designed to meet the prevention needs of rural Chicano youth in Central Arizona who demonstrate high-risk characteristics of substance abuse. The program is rooted in a family-oriented approach that is based on Mexican-American culture, values, and principles.

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Wraparound Milwaukee

Wraparound Milwaukee is a system of care for children with serious emotional, behavioral, and mental health needs, and for their families. Its approach emphasizes developing services and delivering them to families who are strength based, highly inPidualized, and community oriented.

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General Resources

General Resources

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