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Nonpoint Source Water Pollution

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Restore

General Reference

  • NRCS Stream Corridor Restoration Web site:
    • This Web site contains several handbooks for improving riparian environments, as well as suggested practices and plans for those practices.
  • Volunteer Compensatory Mitigation interactive Web site:
    • The Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM), Indiana Department of Transportation (INDOT), Indiana Department of Natural Resources (IDNR) and Indiana Department of Homeland Security (IDHS) developed this project in cooperation in order to assist in the connection of property owners willing to provide land for compensatory mitigation and organizations that must complete compensatory mitigation as part of their project. The goal is to easily identify potential sites and streamline restoration and other mitigation projects.
  • Indiana Waterways Permitting Handbook [PDF]:
    • Even restoration projects sometimes need permits. Navigating the permitting process can be confusing. To find out if your project may require a permit or to get a bird’s-eye view of the permitting process, consult this handbook and contact the agencies listed inside.

Choosing BMPs

  • Chapter 10 U.S. EPA Handbook (Identify Possible Management Strategies) [PDF] and Chapter 11 U.S. EPA Handbook (Evaluate Options and Select Final Management Strategies) [PDF]
    • This chapter gives an overview of various management measures that might be selected, discusses how to identify existing management efforts in the watershed and provides considerations for selecting management options.
  • Big Walnut Creek WMP Example of BMP Selection and Ranking [DOC]
    • The Big Walnut Creek Watershed Alliance (Putnam, Hendricks, Boone Counties) developed BMP selection criteria based on land use and restoration potential, then selected appropriate BMPs for the higher ranking subwatersheds. See narrative and tables from their WMP for an idea of how to select and rank BMPs for your watershed.
  • Indiana NRCS Rapid Watershed Assessment Matrix:
    • Indiana NRCS has prepared watershed assessments for each of the eight-digit watersheds in Indiana based upon statewide layers available in 2008. The watershed assessment reports include information regarding the amount of and cost of particular BMPs it would take to remediate nonpoint source pollution concerns. Keep in mind that these assessments do not include concerns for which statewide GIS data layers are unavailable such as septic system failures, combined sewer overflow releases, county comprehensive plans (future development potential), legal drain designations or riparian buffers.

Agricultural

  • Electronic Field Office Technical Guide (eFOTG):
    • The eFOTG is a national manual of specifications for conservation BMPs, developed by the USDA-Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS), which has become the standard design reference for the planning and installation of BMPs. You can use this to learn about specific BMPs, or you might use it to provide specifications on a project to implement. This link will take you to the state map for Indiana, but you will need to click on the "Section IV" link after you've selected your county to find the most relevant information.
  • NRCS Marketing for Conservation Success [DOC]:
    • You've created a watershed management plan and obtained funding to implement that plan – now how do you get those practices on the ground? Check out this NRCS-published workbook for marketing best management practices to producers. The workbook takes you through the process of creating a marketing plan to help you to address your resource concerns.
  • Indiana Drainage Handbook:
    • This handbook describes how to perform drainage operations in the most environmentally friendly manner. The handbook is advisory in nature and does not supersede the powers granted to government agencies by Indiana statute.
  • Field Assessment for Water Resource Protection:
    • This practical booklet takes producers (and watershed coordinators!) through an assessment of current practices in a specific farm. Recommendations for water quality improvement are made for areas that need improvement.

Urban

  • National Menu of Storm Water BMPs:
    • This U.S. EPA Web site contains information on BMPs that can be used to implement the six minimum control measures required by the Stormwater Phase II rule. The BMPs for the public education, public involvement, construction and post-construction control measures may be of particular interest to those involved in watershed planning and implementation efforts.
  • Indiana Citizen Planner’s Guide:
    • The Indiana chapter of the American Planning Association provides a handbook to train citizens who are involved in local planning. The guide discusses the roles of the plan commission and BZA, how to avoid planning pitfalls, comprehensive planning, zoning and subdivision control ordinances, and administrative procedures. Use the guide to learn more about your local plan commission and how to include them in the watershed planning process.
  • Indiana Storm Water Quality Manual:
    • Rainfall from construction sites without proper storm water planning and implementation can cause soil erosion and sedimentation of nearby creeks and streams. This handbook describes mitigating practices that can be used on active construction sites and those that should be included in the final site design to control storm water run-off.
  • Low Impact Development Manual for Michigan:
    • Though originally designed for Michigan, this manual is also applicable to Indiana. It includes strategies and structural practices to reduce nonpoint source pollution from new and redevelopment.
  • Upper White River Watershed Alliance Best Management Practice Selection Tool:
    • This BMP selection tool is intended to help educate site designers and developers about some of the important factors associated with the selection of post-construction stormwater BMPs for a given site. The Web site also includes fact sheets for each BMP.

Forestry

Cost-share Program

  • Purdue University’s Custom Rates Pamphlet [PDF]:
    • Landowners’ time can be counted as match when they participate in installing BMPs on their land. This brochure by Purdue University will help you to determine how much match is appropriate to assign to various agricultural activities.
  • NRCS’s Not to Exceed Rates:
    • This Web site provides a clearinghouse of cost estimates for installing BMPs and writing management plans. Use it as a reference when you are setting caps for your cost-share program or for planning the budget for a grant proposal.
  • Busseron Creek Cost-share Program and Elkhart River Alliance Cost-share Program:
    • These are just some examples of the many watershed cost-share programs in Indiana. Take a look and see what you can use for your own cost-share program.
  • Load Estimate / Modeling: See "Planning" section

Watershed Toolkit: Table of Contents