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Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral fiber that has been used in a wide variety of building materials to help insulate and reduce heat. The heat resistant properties and fiber strength of asbestos allow it to be used in a wide range of building products including but not limited to boiler/tank insulation, pipe insulation, spray-applied fireproofing, roofing shingles, cementatious siding, plaster, ceiling and floor tiles.
When an asbestos containing product is disturbed or damaged, asbestos fibers become airborne and may be inhaled into the lungs. The inhalation of asbestos fibers can result in significant health effects. Asbestos is a known carcinogen.
The Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) Asbestos Program conducts compliance inspections, licenses companies and individuals directly involved with asbestos abatement, and audits licensed asbestos training course providers. These services are conducted to protect human health, the environment and the quality of asbestos-related work conducted in the State of Indiana.
Demolition is the wrecking or taking out of any load-supporting beam wall or structures from a facility or the intentional burning of any facility for fire training. Renovation is the altering of a facility or one (1) or more of a facility's components in any way, including the stripping or removal of regulated asbestos-containing material (RACM) from a facility component.
All facilities scheduled for renovation or demolition must be inspected by an Indiana-licensed asbestos inspector prior to the start of any renovation or demolition activities for the presence of asbestos. The State of Indiana Professional Licensing Agency (PLA) provides an online tool to locate an Indiana licensed asbestos building inspector. When using the tool:
Scroll through the list and locate an inspector by city in your geographical area. To obtain the individual’s telephone number click on his or her name and the telephone number is located in the address block.
If a renovation or demolition project involves only a single isolated residential building that has four (4) or fewer dwelling units, then no inspection is necessary. (Please note: intentionally dividing a project's scope of work to qualify for this residential exemption is a violation of IDEM and the U.S. EPA rules.)
Renovation or demolition projects must be performed in accordance with the proper notification (Notification of Demolition and Renovation Operations, State Form 44593 - available on the IDEM Forms page), and emission control requirements (see article 14) for asbestos.
Regulated demolition activities require notification to IDEM, regardless of whether the inspection reveals the presence of asbestos. A written notification is required for renovation activities that involve stripping, removing, cutting, drilling or similarly dislodging/disturbing a minimum of 260 linear feet, 160 Square feet or 35 cubic feet of regulated asbestos containing material (RACM). Renovation projects involving less than the aforementioned amounts do not require a notification. Renovation projects involving the stripping, removing, cutting, drilling, or similarly dislodging/disturbing of greater than 3 linear feet, 3 square feet or 0.75 cubic feet of RACM must be conducted by an Indiana licensed asbestos abatement contractor. The contractor must utilize Indiana licensed asbestos abatement supervisors and workers and all emission control requirements would apply.
To meet the notification requirement, a completed Notification of Demolition and Renovation Operations (State Form 44593 - available on the IDEM Forms page), must be submitted to IDEM. Renovation notifications must be postmarked or delivered to IDEM at least ten (10) working days before asbestos stripping, removal work or any other activity, such as site preparation, begins that would break up, dislodge or similarly disturb asbestos containing material. Demolition notifications must also be submitted ten (10) working days prior to the removal of any load supporting structural member of a facility together with any related handling operations or the intentional burning of any facility.
The notice must include, but is not limited to the following:
If asbestos is found where the demolition or renovation activity will occur, in most instances, the operator of the activity must provide the notification information above as well as additional information, some of which may include (but not limited to):
The completed notification form can be submitted to IDEM:
Indiana Department of Environmental Management
Office of Air Quality
100 North Senate Avenue MC 61-52
Indianapolis, IN 46204-2251
Fax: (317) 233-3257
Submitted notifications are reviewed for timeliness/completeness and if the notices are not timely and complete, a violation letter may be sent to the individual who submitted the notice. If the submitter is not contacted, they should consider the notification accepted by IDEM.
Anyone submitting a notification involving the removal of RACM will be billed a fee based upon the amount of friable asbestos containing material to be removed. Projects involving the removal of more than 2,600 linear feet, or 1,600 square feet, or 400 cubic feet of friable asbestos containing material, will be billed a fee of $150 per project. Projects requiring the removal of RACM below these amounts will be billed a fee of $50 per project. Demolition projects will also be billed $50 per structure being demolished. All notification submitters will be billed by IDEM on a quarterly basis.
The specific details of emission control requirements, which vary depending on the type and condition of asbestos present, the activity undertaken, and the disposal method of the asbestos, are outlined in 326 IAC 14-10 as well as those in Code of Federal Regulation Title 40 CFR 61, Subpart M (61.140 - 61.157).
Individual homeowners are exempt from notification and removal requirements, but are still required to meet all disposal requirements. Residential dwellings with more than four (4) units are not exempt and must comply with the asbestos demolition and renovation requirements.
While the specific requirements and standards for proper emission control of asbestos demolition and renovation operations may differ depending on the reason/cause for demolition or renovation and on the amount and type of asbestos found at the site, much of the following will apply:
Non asbestos-containing material and limited nonfriable asbestos (asbestos having a low probability of becoming airborne if disturbed) containing material may be disposed of by normal means, such as in a construction demolition landfill. However, RACM is subject to special disposal requirements such as:
To learn more about asbestos removal, handling, emission control requirements, asbestos licensing, asbestos training course providers or if you have an asbestos notification billing question, call (888) 574-8150. Ask to speak to an asbestos compliance person, an asbestos licensing person or asbestos billing personnel. You may also email your questions to "info at idem.in.gov".
For more information on proper asbestos waste disposal, contact the Office of Land Quality via phone at (800) 451-6027 and ask to speak to a special waste inspector. You may also email your questions to "info at idem.in.gov".
For information on the protection of employees from airborne asbestos in the workplace, contact the Indiana Department of Labor via phone at (317) 232-2688 and ask to speak with a Consulting Industrial Hygienist.
The following form is available on the IDEM Forms page:
The following asbestos documents are available on the IDEM Nonrule Policies page:
See also: Asbestos Licensing Requirements