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1 Stephen B. Oates, To Purge This Land With Blood: A Biography of John Brown (New York, 1970); Richard J. Hinton, John Brown and His Men (reprint, New York, 1968).
2 Messler to "Dear Brother," March 22, 1860, James W. Messler Collection, Indiana Division, Indiana State Library.
3 [Thomas Campbell] to Leander Campbell, November 14, 1860, Leander Campbell Collection, ibid.
5 James D. Richardson, Messages and Papers of the Presidents, 1789-1908 (11 vols., New York, 1909), 6:5.
6 Indianapolis Daily Journal, December 19, 1861, as quoted in Carroll, Slave Insurrections in the United States, 209-10.
7 Gerda Lerner, The Grimke Sisters from South Carolina: Pioneers for Women's Rights and Abolition (New York, 1971), 342.
8 George Edwards to Sarah Edwards, January 13, 1862, George Edwards Collection, Indiana Historical Society Library.
9 Treaties and Conventions . . . (48th Cong., 2d sess., Senate Exec. Doc. 47), 454-59.
10 [Thomas Campbell] to Leander Campbell, November 14, 1860.
11 Henson, Truth is Stranger than Fiction, 217.
12 See excerpts from Lincoln's proposal regarding compensated emancipation in Arthur Zilversmit, ed., Lincoln on Black and White: A Documentary History (Belmont, Calif., 1971), 86-88.
13 Ibid., 103-8. Lincoln added, "I intend no modification of my oft-expressed personal wish that all men every where could be free."
14 Ibid., 114.
15 Richardson, Messages and Papers of the Presidents, 136, 133.
16 Stephen Miller to Joseph and Nancy Brown, January 23, 1863, Stephen Miller Collection, Indiana Division, Indiana State Library.
17 John Hunt to Joseph A. Wright, March 17, 1862, Wright Collection, ibid.
19 McGarrah to James H. McGarrah, March 7, 1863, McGarrah Collection, Indiana Historical Society Library.
20 Janey Weinhold Montgomery, A Comparative Analysis of the Rhetoric of Two Negro Women Orators--Sojourner Truth and Frances E. Watkins Harper (Fort Hays [Kansas] Studies, Literature Series No. 6, December, 1968), 49.
21 Charles Black to Caleb Mills, August 24, 1862, Caleb Mills Collection, Indiana Historical Society Library.
22 Sarah S. Pratt, "Why Doctor Grimes Whispered," 7, typescript in Mary Pratt Collection, Indiana Division, Indiana State Library.
23 Douglass, Life and Times of Frederick Douglass, 354.
24 Shepardson to "Dear Sister," November 14, 1862, Shepardson Collection, Indiana Division, Indiana State Library.