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Indiana Historical Bureau

"This large army of...women": Recognized at last in 1893 "This large army of...women": Recognized at last in 1893

A Note Regarding Resources: Items are listed on this page that enhance work with the topic discussed. Some older items, especially, may include dated practices and ideas that are no longer generally accepted. Resources reflecting current practices are noted whenever possible

Student Reading

  • Ash, Maureen. The Story of the Women’s Movement. Chicago: Childrens Press, 1989.
    Ash provides basic information on the early women’s movement.
  • Ingraham, Claire R. and Leonard W. An Album of Women in American History. New York: Franklin Watts, Inc., 1972.
    Contributions of women in U.S. history and brief sketches of prominent women. Illustrations are helpful. Index is limited.
  • “Susan B. Anthony and the Women’s Movement.” Cobblestone, March, 1985.
    Entire issue covers the topic. A short play about Anthony is included.
  • Warren, Ruth. A Pictorial History of Women in America. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc., 1975.
    Shows achievements and difficulties of women in U.S. Text is brief and informative.

Note: Check your local library for many biographies of women that are available.

Advanced Reading

  • Burg, David F. Chicago’s White City of 1893. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1976.
    A modern historian’s perspective on the World’s Columbian Exposition.
  • Courtney, Grace Gates. History: Indiana Federation of Clubs. Fort Wayne, IN: Fort Wayne Printing Co., 1939.
    Chronicles clubs from 1825 through 1937.
  • Croly, Mrs. J.C. The History of the Woman’s Club Movement in America. New York: Henry G. Allen & Co., 1898.
    Provides early history up to the formation of the General Federation of Woman’s Clubs. Includes over 900 pages on state and local clubs. Croly was a leader in the movement.
  • Harper, Ida A. The Associated Work of the Women of Indiana. Indianapolis: Wm. B. Burford, 1893.
    Written for the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition. Valuable primary resource available at the Indiana State Library.
  • Janeway, Elizabeth, ed. Women: Their Changing Roles. New York: Arno Press, 1973.
    Reprints of New York Times articles from early twentieth century to 1970.
  • Ossoli, Margaret Fuller. Woman in the Nineteenth Century, and Kindred Papers Relating to the Sphere, Condition, and Duties of Woman. New York: Greenwood Press, 1968.
    Reprint of the original 1874 edition. Good primary source.
  • Patton, Phil. “ ‘Sell the cookstove if necessary, but come to the Fair.’ ” Smithsonian, June 1993, 38-50.
    Informative article with many illustrations.
  • Phillips, Clifton J. Indiana in Transition: The Emergence of an Industrial Commonwealth, 1880-1920. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Bureau & Indiana Historical Society, 1968. Standard source for the period.
  • Rappaport, Doreen, ed. American Women: Their Lives in Their Words. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1990.
    Primary source documents.
  • Riley, Glenda. Inventing the American Woman: A Perspective on Women’s History 1865 to the Present. 2 volumes. Arlington Heights, IL: Harlan Davidson, Inc., 1986.
    Excellent general survey.
  • Scott, Anne Firor. Natural Allies: Women’s Associations in American History. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1991.
    Excellent presentation of development of women’s organizations.
  • Weimann, Jeanne Madeline. The Fair Women. Chicago: Academy Chicago, 1981.
    Detailed, readable account of women and the 1893 World’s Exposition.
  • Woloch, Nancy. Women and the American Experience. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1984.
    Excellent background information and analysis of women’s roles from seventeenth century to 1980s.

Of Special Interest

  • The annual catalog of the National Women’s History Project provides a wide selection of books and teaching materials. Contact: 7738 Bell Road, Windsor, CA 95492-8518; 707-838-6000.
  • The Ida Husted Harper Terre Haute Collection, located at the Vigo County Public Library, contains articles written by Harper 1872-1894. Contact Susan Dehler: 812-232-1113.