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Indiana Historical Bureau

IHB > About Indiana - History and Trivia > Explore Indiana History by Topic > Indiana Documents Leading to Statehood > Constitution of 1851 as originally written > Article 12 - Militia Article 12 - Militia

Section 1. The militia shall consist of all able bodied white male persons, between the ages of eighteen and forty-five years, except such as may be exempted by the laws of the United States, or of this State; and shall be organized, officered, armed, equipped, and trained, in such manner as may be provided by law.

Section 2. The Governor shall appoint the adjutant, quartermaster, and Commissary Generals.

Section 3. All militia officers shall be commissioned by the Governor, and shall hold their offices not longer than six years.

Section 4. The General Assembly shall determine the method of dividing the militia into divisions, brigades, regiments, battallions, and companies, and fix the rank of all staff officers.

Section 5. The militia may be divided into classes of sedentary and active militia, in such manner as shall be prescribed by law.

Section 6. No person, conscientiously opposed to bearing arms, shall be compelled to do militia duty; but such person shall pay an equivalent for exemption; the amount to be prescribed by law.