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Indiana Department of Natural Resources

Historic Preservation & Archaeology > Learn About Topics > Underground Railroad > Underground Railroad Sites in Indiana > Underground Railroad Sites: Lancaster Underground Railroad Sites: Lancaster

Lancaster - 1876Located about 10 miles northwest of Madison, the small community of Lancaster, Indiana played an important role in Underground Railroad efforts in southern Indiana. Leaders of the local movement included Lyman Hoyt, Samuel Tibbitts, and James Nelson. Lancaster is also home to the Eleutherian College, which was built in the 1840s to educate men and women regardless of race.

Image: Illustrated Historical Atlas of Indiana (Baskin, Forster and Company, 1876; Reprinted, Indiana Historical Society, 1968)

Lyman Hoyt House

Lyman Hoyt House

The Lyman Hoyt house in Lancaster was the home to one of the founders of Eleutherian college and an active participant in the Underground Railroad. Diaries from his children highlight many of his UGRR activities. The Hoyt House is listed on the National Register and the Network to Freedom.
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Eleutherian College

Eleutherian College

This majestic, limestone building in Lancaster is Eleutherian College. The college was built by anti-slavery Baptists in the 1840s to educated men and women, regardless of race, in the same building--a rarity for the time. This building was also used for UGRR activities. Eleutherian College is a National Historic Landmark, listed on the National Register and the Network to Freedom.