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1 ¾-3 ¼” (4.4-8.3cm). Large protuberant eyes with vertical pupils. Stout, plump body that is brown or yellowish brown. Two yellow stripes run from eye down back, forming a rough hourglass shape. Belly gray to white, without spots. Each hind foot has a long digging spade.
Single, loud, brassy note sounding like “Whar”. Very loud, especially in large choruses.
Indiana Range (Species of special concern- rare)
Southern third of state. Occur in flood plains of lower Wabash and White rivers and in barrens or relic prairies of Harrison Co. Species of Special Concern.
Eats invertebrates such as beetles, crickets, caterpillars, spiders and snails.
Areas of loose or sandy soil including cultivated fields and forested areas.
Shallow, temporary pools sometimes located in flooded lawns, agricultural fields, or other open areas.
March to September, initiated by heavy rainfall.
Deposited in bands approximately an inch wide and up to a foot long. Can hatch in as little as 24 hours in hot weather, otherwise may take 2-3 days.
Dark brown to bronze with fine orange dots. Tail has orange stripe, fins are transparent with dark rims. Metamorphoses in 2-9 weeks.