Note: This message is displayed if (1) your browser is not standards-compliant or (2) you have you disabled CSS. Read our Policies for more information.
Effective August 14, 2010, Fire and Building Safety Division will only be accepting a VISA Credit Card for those applications that are filed on-line from our web site.
Cigarettes are the top cause of fatal residential fires in the nation. Cigarette fires kill approximately 800 people annually. One-quarter of victims of smoking-material fire fatalities are not the smokers whose cigarettes started the fire: 34 percent are children of the smokers; 25 percent are neighbors or friends; 14 percent are spouses or partners; and 13 percent are parents.
Many people assume that cigarette fires result from carelessness, such as improper disposal of cigarette butts or intoxicated smokers falling asleep. Technology has existed for decades to make cigarettes safer and less likely to cause fires.
Traditional technology keeps a cigarette burning even without puffing. This is accomplished by including a significant amount of citrate-burning agents. Within 10 minutes, 90 percent to 100 percent of traditional cigarettes will cause fires in ignition tests -- and a cigarette can smolder for up to 45 minutes.
These cigarettes are not new. Patents for self-extinguishing cigarettes were granted 70 years ago. Attempts to introduce legislation for fire-safe cigarettes have not been successful, however, Senate Enrolled Act (SEA) 28 established the “Reduced Propensity Standards for Cigarettes” sometimes referred to as the “Fire Safe Cigarette Act” in 2008.
In order to reduce the number of fires and fire related deaths and injuries due to cigarettes, the fire safe cigarettes place two bands on the cigarette paper that are less porous than the surrounding paper. These bands require smokers to inhale at these bands to increase oxygen and increase the temperature of the burning cigarette paper enough to burn through the bands.
In 2005, Indiana statistics on “Residential Structure Fires Causes” through the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) show that 124 reported smoking related fires occurred. These fires caused two civilian deaths, sixteen civilian injuries, and five firefighter injuries with property loss at nearly $1.5 million.