Henry S. Lane
A special election on Aug. 3, 1840, put Crawfordsville's Henry S. Lane, a Whig, into the U.S. House of Representatives. Lane helped unite diverse people into the political faction that would become the Republican Party in order to oppose such Democratic policies as the extension of slavery into U.S. territories. Lane helped secure the presidential nomination of Abraham Lincoln at the 1860 Republican National Convention. That same year, Lane was elected governor and served two days before the Indiana General Assembly elected him to the U.S. Senate. (Image from glass negative, circa 1855-1865, Library of Congress)
On Aug. 4, 1893, Hoosier poet and women’s rights activist ">Sarah Bolton died. Born Sarah Tittle Barrett in Newport, Kentucky, around 1814, she later moved with her family to Madison, Indiana. In 1831, she married Indianapolis Gazette editor Nathaniel Bolton, and the couple owned and operated a tavern on the National Road. Sarah Bolton authored more than 150 poems during her lifetime, many of which were featured in newspapers across the country. Most famously, Bolton penned "Paddle Your Own Canoe" and "Indiana." In 1850, she aided social reformer Robert Dale Owen in the fight for women's rights to personal property. Learn more about Bolton at the Indiana Historical Bureau's Blogging Hoosier History. (Image from the Indiana Historical Society)
On Aug. 5, 1816, Indiana held its first election for state officers. Voters elected Jonathan Jennings as the first Governor of the State of Indiana. Jennings's opponent in the election was Thomas Posey, then the Territorial Governor. Jennings actively campaigned for governor in private, but under traditions of the time, he sought to avoid giving the public impression that he was actively seeking the office. His election was formally recognized by the newly-elected legislature on Nov. 7, and Indiana officially gained statehood on Dec. 11. (Image from the Indiana Historical Society)
Friends Meeting House
Friends Meeting House
On Aug. 18, 1920, the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution went into effect when Tennessee became the last state needed to ratify this change, granting women the right to vote. Indiana ratified the amendment the previous January after a long battle led by Hoosier women to gain suffrage. Reform-minded Congregational Friends, perhaps better known as Quakers, organized Indiana's first women's rights convention in 1851 in the town of Dublin in Henry County. Pictured here is the Dublin Friends Meeting House. (Image courtesy of The New Association of Friends.)
On Aug. 26, 1985, AIDS patient Ryan White, 13, attended his first day at Western Middle School in Russiaville via telephone communication. White was diagnosed with AIDS in 1984 after receiving a contaminated blood transfusion. Some people initially opposed White’s physical attendance at school with other students. White's family in 1987 moved to Cicero, and he attended nearby Hamilton Heights High School in Arcadia. Before his death on April 8, 1990, White became a national spokesman and activist for persons with HIV/AIDS. In this photo, White faces members of the media as he returns to Western Middle School in Russiaville in February of 1986 before a court injunction later that same day again delayed his return. (Image courtesy of the Kokomo Tribune)
Anthony Wayne Flag
Anthony Wayne Flag
On August 30, 1923, an affidavit was taken regarding the provenance of the Anthony Wayne Flag (Greenville Treaty Flag), which dates to 1795. The flag has been described as the oldest U.S. flag to be kept within the State of Indiana. Owned by the Indiana Historical Bureau, it is currently on loan to the Eiteljorg Museum of American Indians and Western Art in Indianapolis. Dr. Perry G. Moore testified that he obtained the flag from descendants of She-Moc-E-Nish, chief of the Miami Nation. "George Washington ordered Anthony Wayne to have the flag made," Moore testified, "and after the Treaty of Peace was signed, to present it to the Chief of the Miami Nation (She-Moc-E-Nish) and say, 'Keep this flag in sight, and as often as you see it, remember we are friends.'" (Image from Indiana Historical Bureau)
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