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The Dairy Division permits and inspects the dairy farms in Indiana. There are approximately 1200 Grade A farms and 120 manufactured grade farms (sometimes referred to as Grade B). A large portion of these farms are located in northern Indiana.
The Dairy Division has field inspectors located throughout the state that are responsible for conducting routine inspections of these farms. Dairy farms are required to be inspected a minimum of every six months; most are inspected more frequently as needed.
The majority of Indiana dairy farms are made up of the average family farm, milking 100-200 cows. Indiana also has several major production farms with carousel systems milking 1000-2000 cows. There are currently six farms using robots for their milking. However, Indiana still has several manufactured grade farms using milk cans for milk storage rather than bulk tanks of silos.
Indiana currently has ten dairy farms that process their own milk, farmstead operations, in their own approved and licensed dairy products processing facility. Some are operated as Grade A and some process as manufactured grade.
The majority of the dairy farms in Indiana are cows, however there are some dairies milking goats grade A and manufactured grade.
Regulations vary between Grade A and manufactured grade, but regardless of size all farms receive the same level of inspection by BOAH staff to ensure that the milking practices are safe.