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Indiana State Board of Animal Health

BOAH > Rabies Information > 2008 Indiana Rabies Guidebook > Animal Management Plan > Exposed Pet without a current rabies vaccination Exposed Pet without a current rabies vaccination


 

ANIMAL MANAGEMENT PLAN:
EXPOSED PET WITHOUT A CURRENT RABIES VACCINATION *



  1. Pet has been bitten or scratched by a dog or cat

    1. Biting animal (dog, cat, or ferret) is currently vaccinated for rabies:
        (VERY LOW RISK SITUATION)
      • Seek veterinary care for wound, if needed
      • Report incident to local animal control authorities
      • Remind owner to vaccinate pets
    2. The biting animal (dog, cat, or ferret) is NOT currently vaccinated for rabies or its vaccination status is unknown, and the biting animal:
      • Is available for 10 days quarantine:
        • Seek veterinary care for wound
        • Do NOT vaccinate exposed pet until after biting pet is determined to be free of rabies
      • Is not available for 10 days observation:
        • Proceed as in E


  2. Pet exposed to a confirmed rabid animal

    1. PET DOG, CAT, or FERRET exposed:
      • Euthanize pet immediately
      • If not willing to euthanize pet, notify Board of Animal Health and local animal control
        • Seek veterinary care for wound
        • Quarantine pet for six months
        • Vaccinate pet 1 month prior to release
    2. EXOTIC PETS (ferret, canine or feline hybrid, any wildlife) exposed:
      • Euthanize exposed pet
      • Notify Board of Animal Health if not euthanized


  3. Pet directly exposed to a wild animal or domesticated wildlife (bite, scratch, fight, or carcass contact)

    1. Wild animal is a known rabies reservoir species in Indiana (Bat)
        Is wild animal available for rabies testing?
          YES: Euthanize and test wild animal (see procedures for submission)
          NO: Presume pet exposed - go to B
    2. Wild animal is not a known rabies reservoir species in Indiana but is a reservoir in other states (raccoon, skunk, fox, coyote)
        Is wild animal available for rabies testing?
          YES: Submit head to state rabies lab for testing (see procedures for submission)
          NO: Consult with Board of Animal Health on likelihood of exposure to rabies, need for quarantine, advisability of vaccination
    3. Wild animal is not a known rabies reservoir species
      • Consult Board of Animal Health on need for rabies testing, likelihood of exposure, and recommendation for vaccination or quarantine


  4. Pet has been bitten or scratched by a domestic pet other than a dog, cat, or ferret.

    1. "Pocket pets" (hamsters, gerbils, guinea pigs) and rabbits kept indoors
      • Negligible risk for rabies
      • Remind owner to vaccinate pets
    2. Others -- consult Board of Animal Health for advise on a case-by-case basis


  5. Pet has a wound of unknown origin that could have resulted from a bite

    1. Terrestrial rabies (skunk, fox, raccoon, coyote) is present in local area:
      • Consider pet exposed to rabies - go to B
    2. Terrestrial rabies NOT present in area:
      • Seek veterinary care for wound
      • Remind owner to vaccinate pets


  6. Pet potentially exposed by proximity to wildlife, but no direct contact or wounds

    • Remind owner to vaccinate pets
    • Advise close observation of pet for six months



* This includes pets, such as canine and feline hybrids, for which there is no approved rabies vaccination. If exposed pet has had prior rabies vaccine that is currently out of date, then consult Board of Animal Health for advice.

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